For the first time, the soviet union and communism were world powers. Edgar hoover, house unamerican activities committee, joseph mccarthy. Detente and the upheavals of the late 1960s were on the horizon. Thus, the second red scare was on the verge of nonexistence. The second red scare occurred after world war ii 193945. The 1917 russian revoluation and the communists call for worldwide revolution had led to a similar red scare in 1919 and 1920. Encyclical quod apostolici muneris pope leo xiii roundly cond emned. So, though the immediate causes of the red scare of the 1950s can be. May 12, 2014 the 1919 red scare the craziest year in american history duration. First, communism seemed to be on the rise around the world, becoming more popular and more powerful. Americans were afraid of communism in the 1950s for two main reasons. Using newly declassified government records, second red scare showed that the federal employee loyalty programcreated in the 1940s in response to fears that communists were. Storrs cuts through the endless debates on the impact of the second red scare to show in concrete detail how it destroyed a vibrant socialdemocratic tradition in american politics. Lucille ball was a well respected and adored american actress and comedian from the late 1920s till the end of her life in 1989.
Schmidt, regin in the united states, 19191943 red scare. Fbi and the origins of anticommunism in the united states, 19191943 schmidt, regin veroffentlichungsversion published version monographie monograph zur verfugung gestellt in kooperation mit provided in cooperation with. Mccarthy had not shown a shred of tangible or even reasonable evidence for his accusations and his credibility and campaign declined. The practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence, or, the practice of making unfair allegations or using unfair investigative techniques, especially in order to restrict dissent or political criticism. Dec 11, 2016 this video gives a brief description of the red scare of the 1950s. The second red scare mccarthyism documents series of 4 primary source documents concerning senator joseph mccarthys hunt for communists during the second red scare of the 1950s. The rise of the cold war had serious effects on life inside the united states. Mining never before used sources, she also demonstrates how important the feminist left was to the new deal and how central antifeminism was to the right. Red scare the red scare of 1919 was the first of two major periods in american history when fear of radicalism culminated in the persecution and deportation of americans thought to be radicals communists, anarchists, or socialists. An unchanged version in pdf format of the printed book. In the latter period, however, there was greater justi. Mccarthyism and the red scare questions and answers.
Things to know joseph mccarthy richard nixon house of. Pdf the origins of red scare anticommunism researchgate. Mccarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence. Murray draws eerie parallels between the two time periods.
Oapen open access publishing in european networks empfohlene zitierung suggested citation. The cold war and the red scare soon after the defeat of nazi germany the world saw a new challenge grow. The loyalty investigations triggered by the red scare of the 1940s and 1950s marginalized many. Mccarthyism reflected cold war fears in american society. Answer the following question using the documents, cartoons and video clips on this page. There was a first red scare, also known as the big red scare of 1919, which began in reaction to the bolshevik. Once exposed, victims were badgered until they gave the names of others. Use the following discussion questions to engage students as you go through the information. Although ball was recognized for her happygolucky character in her most popular sitcom, i love lucy, during the 1930s she became involved in the growing scandal of the united states known as the red scare. Mccarthyism and the second red scare oxford research. A nationwide fear of communists, socialists, anarchists, and other dissidents suddenly grabbed the american psyche in 1919 following a series of anarchist bombings.
Mccarthyism brought about the second red scare in the united states in the late 1940s. Mccarthyism and the red scare questions and answers discover the community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on. Soon after the armistice ending world war one was signed on november 11, 1918, the red soviet was displayed at a socialist parade up fifth avenue in new. Political scientist, and former member of the communist party murray b. The red scare led to a range of actions that had a profound and enduring effect on american government and society. Red and american led to a brief but traumatic period in the years after world war onethe red scare. The climate of fear and repression linked to the red scare finally began to ease by the late 1950s. Stalins death, followed by the korean war armistice, opened new spaceand hopefor the easing of cold war tensions. This fear was not unique to lthe late 1940s and 1950s. Choose from 500 different sets of second red scare flashcards on quizlet. Constructing an american fear culture from red scares to terrorism. The second red scare refers to the fear of communism that permeated american politics, culture, and society from the late 1940s through the 1950s, during the opening phases of the cold war with the soviet union.
The red scare is the applied term given to a time in which americans feared communist influence in the united states from 1917 to 1920. Lenz associate professor university of california, berkeley. Levin wrote that the red scare was a nationwide antiradical hysteria provoked by a mounting fear. The second red scare profoundly altered the temper of american society. Digital history id 34 senator joseph mccarthy did not create the national obsession with communist subversion. The red scare caused many people to embrace conformity so as not to seem different and, therefore, suspect. The term specifically describes activities associated with the period in the united states known as the second red scare, lasting roughly from the. The second red scare stunted the development of the american welfare state. Read the following and answer the questions on a separate piece of paper. Recall information learned about the second red scare in america.
Mccarthy, investigated allegations of subversive elements in the government and the. This is a lesson plan with accompanying materials that i developed to teach a 10th grade modern us history class about mccarthyism and the second red scare. In congress, the house unamerican activities committee huac was approved as a permanent committee in 1945. Written in 1955, during the height of the second red scare, mr. Fbi and the second red scare 365 the most dangerous agency in the country 368 abbreviations 369. By the late 1950s, the worst of the second red scare was over. Study terms history chapter 24 flashcards quizlet.
Passed by congress on june 29th 1940, the alien registration act prohibited anyone from speaking against the united states government. This episode of political repression lasted longer and was more pervasive than the red scare that followed the bolshevik revolution and world war i. The second red scare refers to the anticommunist fervor that permeated american politics, society, and culture from the late 1940s through the 1950s, during the opening phases of the cold war with the soviet union. The growing fear of communism soviet atomic weapons in september 1949, president truman announced that the soviet union had detonated an atomic bomb. Both periods were characterized by widespread fears of communist influence on u. Mccarthyism is associated with the red scare and often referred to as the second red scare. Included here are a complete lesson plan, guided notes for students, political cartoon analysis with accompanying cartoons, and cards for red s. However, the red scare that followed world war ii went deeper and widerand lasted far longerthan the earlier red scare. Its later characterizations may be seen as contributory to works of feared communist espionage, such as the film my son john 1952, about parents suspicions their son is a spy.
The house unamerican activities committee held a number of hearings in hollywood exposing past communists and fellow travelers in the industry. Why did the second red scare have such a greater impact. The second red scare dealt with loyalty to us government the postworld war ii years precipitated a second red scare on the federal level, with the late 1940s and early 1950s the heyday. Fbi and the origins of anticommunism in the united states, 19191943 schmidt, regin. The second red scare 1950s after world war ii, the paranoia soviet union gobbled up eastern europe. What was the second red scare, and how did it affect the. Following world war ii 193945, the democratic united states and the. The second red scare and the unmaking of the new deal left. The first red scare began following the bolshevik russian revolution of 1917 and the intensely patriotic years of world war i as anarchist and leftwing social agitation aggravated national, social, and political tensions.
The documents are followed by 8 reading comprehension and critical thinking questions in total, perfect for use in cla. Second, i would argue that the red scare helped bring about the counterculture of the 1960s. It had arisen in the late 1930s, years before mccarthy had come to public notice. Thus, the united states ensured a sort of unity throughout the war. Recall information learned about the second red scare in america observe and analyze the political cartoons determine the intended audience of the sources discuss how herblock portrayed the cold war hysteria and who was responsible materials. The second red scare and the unmaking of the new deal left on. The documents are followed by 8 reading comprehension and critical thinking questions in. Pdf constructing an american fear culture from red.
Powerpoint accompaniment for carolina k12s joe mccarthy. Second red scare the second red scare occurred during the start of the cold war with the soviet union after the end of world war ii. In the 1950s, why were americans afraid of communism. The second red scare and the unmaking of the new deal, by. Angry that they had been barred from the corridors of power for 20 years, conservative republicans used. Subjects include the second red scare, huac and blacklisting. It contributed to and paralleled the anticommunist campaign known as mccarthyism and the second red scare. There were small groups of communist supporters in the u. As cold war tensions rose, americans worked to combat communism influence at home the red scare intensified as senator joseph mccarthy presided over a senate committee charged with exposing communists in government. The term red scare has been applied to two distinct periods of intense anticommunism in united states history.
The second red scare refers to the fear of communism that permeated american politics, culture, and society from the late 1940s through the 1950s, during the. The palmer raids and civil liberties unit introduction for teachers lesson introduction for teachers teachers guide the red scare that followed in the wake of americas 1918 victory in europe is not nearly as wellremembered as the cold war anticommunist crusade that followed the second world war, when suspected commu. House of representatives set up this committee to investigate communists in the us federal. In many respects this first red scare was quite different from the one that would follow in the late 1940s and 1950s. Berinsky professor department of political science massachusetts institute of technology 77 massachusetts ave. This section includes examples from radio, advertising, books and magazines. The second red scare refers to the fear of communism that permeated american. With the spread of communism in eastern europe and china as well as the korean war, people were scared that communism could infiltrate the united states. Slides 5 through15 deal with the major events foreign and domestic that contributed to the second red scare. The act forced millions of immigrants to file reports not only of their occupations, but also of their political views. The second red scare during the late 1920s through the 1930s, anticommunism in the u. What helped trigger a second red scareduring the middle of the 20th century. Learn second red scare with free interactive flashcards. Second red scare documents american history stations.
Shortly after the end of world war i and the bolshevik revolution in russia, the red scare took hold in the united states. Americans attitudes toward mccarthyism, blacklisting, and julius and ethel rosenberg. The red scare was hysteria over the perceived threat posed by communists in the. The red scare was hysteria over the perceived threat posed by communists in the u. The second red scare occurred during the start of the cold war with the soviet union after the end of world war ii. Because of the time that this was going on, politicians were doing anything. Federal employees were sufficiently loyal to the government, and the house unamerican activities committee, as well as us senator joseph r. Senator joe mccarthy, who became the most public face of the second red scare in the united states in the 1950s.1102 153 1362 588 1321 1058 204 942 1270 1156 594 123 1372 396 1212 264 480 1134 1071 884 1254 608 1553 1243 937 1313 1168 966 1088 833 1548 110 1283 1075 1342 966 1534 1461 303 1087 706 476 647 265 346 366