Pdf needle stick and sharp injuries among nurses researchgate. The needlestick injuries in nursing workers of khanevadeh hospital tehran. The reason for the greater contribution of this factor to the injuries is that syringe needle heads are the most. The safe use, and disposal, of sharps is one of the most critical health and safety issues registered nurses will face in the workplace. Sharps injuries can transmit hiv, hepatitis b, hepatitis c, and other bloodborne pathogens. The frequency, causes and prevention of needlestick.
Healthcare is the most dangerous industry for injuries and illnesses, with 653,000 nurses, aides, orderlies and others injured or falling ill. The three sharp devices most frequently involved in nsi were insulin pens 40% of injuries, needles for subcutaneous injection 21%, and lancet needles. Healthcare workers have one of the most important jobs in north carolina. Sustaining a needlestick injury or other type of exposure is scary. Hepatitis c is the most common chronic bloodborne infection. The results also showed syringe needle heads to be the most common physical cause of needlestick injuries, which is consistent with the results of studies conducted by vahedi, nazmieh, joneidi jafari and derek r. Department of medicalsurgical nursing, kashan university of medical sciences. Some quick statistics on sharps injuries qlicksmart. Scalpel cuts are the second most common injury in the operating theatres, accounting for 7% of the total number of reported injuries. Much is known and reported about sharps injuries in registered nurses, but there has been a lack of published evidence regarding sharps injuries within the student nurse population. Injections were the most common action resulted to exposure 24.
Risks from the scalpel cuts have been documented including infection by hivaids, hepatitis b, hepatitis c. But many careerending injuries could be prevented if hospitals brought in new technology. Injuries to nurses and technicians most often occurred when they passed or disassembled devices and during or after device disposal. Healthcare wide hazards needlesticksharps injuries. Sharps injuries are a significant injury and health hazard for health care workers and also result in a number of direct and indirect organizational costs.
Here are some quick stats regarding sharps injuries in the healthcare industry hospitals, clinics, and facilities. Nurses and midwives at highest risk of sharps injuries. Preventing needlestick injuries among healthcare workers. Pdf needlestick and sharps injuries among nurses at a. Hospitals have a responsibility to ensure that all staff members are properly trained in the safe handling and disposal of sharps. The most common actions taken after needle stick injuries were compression. The most frequently encountered source of injury was injection needles 35. Nurses more often get injured than any other health workers by. These injuries place workers at risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne viruses such as human immunodeficiency virus hiv, hepatitis b and hepatitis c. Sharps injury questionnaires and the maslach burnout inventory mbi. Overall, suture needles were the most common cause of percutaneous injury in the or, involved in up to 43% of such injuries. Needlestick and sharps injuries among nursing students. More recent data from the exposure prevention information network epinet. Procedure to follow after a needlestick or sharps injury.
Needle stick injuries are the most common route by which bloodborne. The most common circumstances that cause injuries in nash hospitals. One third of the injuries that occur in the hospital setting is related to sharp objects such as needles and blades. Most needlestick injuries occurred either in the nursing laboratory 45% or the teaching hospital 37%. Ana needlestick guide v5 world health organization. Injured nurses nursing employees suffer 35,000 back and other injuries nearly every year.
Behavior of healthcare workers after injuries from sharp instruments. Injuries occurred most frequently when the nurses were withdrawing a needle from rubber or other resistant material. Article sharps injuries efn european federation of nurses. Evaluation of needle stick injuries among nurses of khanevadeh. Needlestick and sharps injuries nsis are a major occupational injury to health care workers worldwide. Needle stick and sharp injuries among nurses omics international. Here are some of the most common nursing job hazards face while doing their duty. The present study investigated the relationship between sharps injuries and job burnout in nurses. For sharps needlestick injuries, nurses should immediately wash the area with soap and water and milk the. Needlestick and sharps injuries among nurses at a teaching. Risks and effects of sharps injuries nursing times. By far the most common and significant of these are injuries from used needles needlestick injuries. Healthcare most dangerous place for workplace injuries.
Nurses face the risk of exposure to bloodborne infections if they suffer a needlestick or other injury from sharp devices such as lancets, scalpels and razors. What happens if a nurse gets a needlestick or other type of. Nurses and hospital staff provide vital service to patients in north carolina nursing home negligence, private and public hospitals, homecare situations and private and public medical. Nurses and midwives have the highest rate of needlestick and other sharps injuries among australian healthcare workers each year. According to research carried out by the american nurses association ana, about a third of nurses feel sharps injuries and bloodborne pathogens present a significant level of risk in their work environment. What are the most common workplace injuries for nurses.755 7 1348 507 12 814 660 388 552 1072 1025 555 1195 924 760 1095 1050 798 626 1 1400 1225 36 1385 616 1132 65 211 1184