The constitution was adopted on 8 december 1994 and promulgated by the constitution of the federal democratic. The second part of this paper deals with constitutionalism. Article 7 gender reference provisions of this constitution set out in the masculine gender shall also apply to the feminine gender. Micheau introduction emergent and reemergent nationalism seem to have taken center stage in a cast of new worldwide political trends. Jan 15, 2019 free amharic books online in pdf free download marzeneb technology. The 1995 ethiopian constitution english and amharic version. The peoples democratic republic of elhiopia is a soverei, state whose territory comprisin, the land. Ethiopian constitution 1987 pdf ethiopia constitution. The existence of constitution is paramount important for the development of democracy in a specific country. Ethiopian constitution, the flag, map, and federalism. All ethiopian languages shall enjoy equal state recognition. Peoples democratic republio of ethiopia the working lan, uage of the state shall be amharic.
Revised constitution of the empire of ethiopia for the benefit, welfare and progress of our beloved people. Since,constitutionalism does not mean only having constitution,but it is the practical. Ethiopian constitution 1995 amharic version pdf by. The ethiopian constitution of 1987 193 article 49 ethiopians arc guaranteed secrecy of correspondence. Kthe rule of law krespect for individual and peoples fundamental freedoms and rights kequalitynondiscrimination kcitizens participation in the political, social, and economic life of. A person of either sex born to both or one ethiopian parent is of ethiopian nationality. At last italians defeated ethiopian army at the end of 1936 and claimed all ethiopia under their control. Ethiopian constitution of 1955 6 b from the date of the proclamation of the present constitution, all realty registered in the name of the crown bete mengist are held in trust for the crown under the guardianship of the emperor and are inalienable. Apr 09, 2011 1955 revised constitution of ethiopia. Particulars relating to nationality shall be determined by law. Constitution is a set of fundamental laws that govern and guide the power and function of the government.
Every ethiopian has the freedom to change his place of residence within the territory of the peoples democratic republic of ethiopia. Southern nations nationalities and peoples regional state constitution. Oct 18, 2010 their right is founded solely and exclusively on the sweeping constitutional guarantees they enjoy under articles 29 and of the ethiopian constitution. The three colors shall be set horizontally in equal dimension, 2. Created with the adoption of the ethiopian constitution of 1995, the parliament replaced the national shengo as the legislative branch of the ethiopian government. A constitutional referendum was held in ethiopia on 1 february 1987. Ethiopian constitution 1987 pdf the 1987 constitution of ethiopia was the third constitution of ethiopia, and went into effect on 22 february 1987 after a referendum on 1 february of that year. Ethnicity serves as the foundation for ethiopias political parties and is what motivates the constitutions twotiered federal system. Here you can read the constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia in three different languages. A proposed revision of the 1955 constitution was released in 1974, but it had no legal effect, and was soon forgotten in the events of the ethiopian revolution. Constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia wipo. The ethiopian constitution of 1987 183 basic freedoms and rights are guaranteed and duties respected, a solid foundation for the construction of socialism is laid, and we are enabled to make our due contribution to world peace, justice, democracy and social progress.
The assembly finished drafting the new constitution in december, and it went into effect in august 1995. Given in our imperial capital, on this the 24th day of tekemt, 1948 ethiopian calandar, and on the twentyfifth anniversary of our coronation. Constitutional history of ethiopia constitutionnet. Modern constitutional history ethiopias 1994 constitution is a direct result of the government pursuing a policy of ethnic democracy. The difference between 1931 and 1955 ethiopian constitution pdf. This system of administrative regions replaced the provinces of ethiopia in 1992 under the transitional government of ethiopia. Any person of either sex shall be an ethiopian national where both or either parent is ethiopian. The state of the tigray people constitution amendment 1998 tigrigna and amharic version the 1995 ethiopian constitution explanatory note amharic version the 1995 fdre constitution minutes part one. The constitution officially took effect on february 22, 1987, when the peoples democratic republic of ethiopia was proclaimed, although it was not until september that the new government was fully in place and the pmac formally abolished.
The peoples democratic republic of ethiopia is a unitary,tate in which all nalionalilies ii. Constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia home basic information general. All members of the ethiopian army owe absolute loyalty and obedience to the emperor, in conformity with the provisions of the law. Muthbhed a planned encounter 4 full movie dubbed in hindi free download torrent. The language of these two articles is simple, plain, straightforward, unambiguous and requires no interpretation. Establishment of the secretariat of the house of peoples representatives and of the house of the federation proclamation. Article 39 1 of the constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia gives every nation, nationality, and people of the country the right of selfdetermination, including the right. About 1995 ethiopian constitution 1931 ethiopian constitution pdf weakness of 1995 ethiopian constitution ethiopian constitution 1995 amharic version pdf constitution book pdf the illinois constitution text. Ethiopian constitution book pdf about ethiopian constitution ethiopian constitution pdf ethiopian constitution about 1931 ethiopian constitution about 1995 ethiopian constitution 1931 ethiopian constitution pdf weakness of 1995 ethiopian constitution ethiopian constitution 1995 amharic version pdf constitution book pdf the. The constitution was adopted on 8 december 1994 and promulgated by the constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia proclamation no. They wrote in them manifesto 1987 tigray is one of in the horn of africa, they divided eritrea, tigray and ethiopia in them map. Even foreign nationals can apply to get ethiopian nationality through specified legal procedure. This constitution is an expression of their sovereignty.
The primary task facing the wpe following its formation in 1984 was to devise the new national constitution that would inaugurate the peoples democratic republic of ethiopia pdre. The 1987 constitution of ethiopia was the third constitution of ethiopia, and went into effect on 22 february 1987 after a referendum on 1 february of that year. Its adoption inaugurated the peoples democratic republic of ethiopia pdre. The purpose of 1931 constitution remained unserved due to italian invasion. Ethiopian federal system and politics voa amharic october 16, 2016 video upload powered by. Pdf constitution, constitutionalism and foundation of. The peoples democratic republic of ethiopia shall, while ae romplishing the national democratic revolution, lay the foundation for the ronsltuction of socialism. Ethiopian orthodox church was the established church of the empire and was, as such, supported by the state. Article 29 reproduced also in the official amharic text below2 states. A second difference between the ethiopian and soviet constitutions is that the former declared the. Comments this is the official text as published in the federal negarit gazeta of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia, 1st year no. Provisions of this constitution set out in the masculine gender shall also apply to the. Doc overview on the ethiopian constitution mustefa. The ethiopian flag shall consist of green at the top, yellow in the middle and red at the bottom, and shall have a national emblem at the center.
In march 1986, a 343member constitutional commission was formed to draft a new constitution based on the principles of scientific socialism. The peoples democratic republic of ethiopia shall, while ae romplishing the national democratic revolution, lay the foundation for the. Law and religion in ethiopia the evolution of a complex. The 1991 transitional period charter of ethiopian english and amharic version. Topics derg, mengistu collection opensource language english. The 1987 constitution of ethiopia was the third constitution of ethiopia, and effect on february 22, 1987 after a referendum on february 1 of that year. Ethiopian constitution of 1931 3 may be appointed o cers in the army or civil o cials, or to any other posts or o ces in the service of the state. The constitution consists of 106 articles in 11 chapters. Amharic shall be the working language of the federal government. We, the nations, nationalities and peoples of ethiopia. The constitution officially took effect on february 22, 1987, when the peoples democratic republic of ethiopia was proclaimed, although it was not until september that the new government was fully in place and the pmac formally abolished see the peoples democratic republic of ethiopia, ch. As per the 1994 constitution the ethiopian flag is defined as per the below articles.
Constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia. Despite this the mere existence of constitution cannot be a guarantee for constitutionalism. Strongly committed, in full and free exercise of our right to selfdetermination, to building a political community founded on the rule of law and capable of ensuring a lasting peace, guaranteeing a democratic order, and advancing our economic and social development. Doc overview on the ethiopian constitution mustefa nasser. Ethiopian constitution the following english translation of the ethiopian draft constitution is an unofficial draft that has been released to enable members of the international community follow the discussions and forthcoming elections, pending publication of the official translation. The current constitution of ethiopia, which is the supreme law of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia, came into force on 21 august 1995. Their right is founded solely and exclusively on the sweeping constitutional guarantees they enjoy under articles 29 and of the ethiopian constitution. Firmly convinced that the fulfillment of this objective.
Under the constitution, the federal arrangement guaranteed the rights of the federal states to determine their own affairs. The new constitution would make the country a oneparty state with the workers party of ethiopia as the sole legal party. Ethiopian constitution of 1931 ethiopian legal brief. The document consisted of seventeen chapters and 119 articles. Ethiopian constitution 1995 amharic version pdf issuu. Their sovereignty shall be expressed through their representatives elected in accordance with this constitution and through their direct democratic participation article 9 supremacy of the constitution. This is the official text as published in the federal negarit gazeta of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia, 1st year no. Oct 24, 2018 ethiopian constitution 1995 amharic version pdf. Free amharic books online in pdf free download marzeneb technology. Foreign nationals may acquire ethiopian nationality.647 676 798 1449 1008 814 754 890 70 1519 991 1416 872 1341 701 1353 566 836 365 379 75 1579 1615 1136 256 1103 710 1367 1124 197 60 512 187 489